The Eswatini Civil Aviation Authority (ESWACAA) is a statutory body that was established by the Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini through an Act of Parliament, the Civil Aviation Authority Act No.10 of 2009, and became operational on the 7th December 2009. The Civil Aviation Authority is an administrative and commercial body corporate mandated to provide, in an economically viable manner, air transport services and regulation of civil aviation activities in Eswatini; in accordance with international standards.
As civil aviation is a very technical and heavily regulated global industry, it became necessary to establish an autonomous body that would focus on the growth and professional management of the industry and have the Ministry of Public Works and Transport as its oversight.
The Authority manages all airports in the Kingdom of Eswatini, namely King Mswati III International Airport and Matsapha Airport and also the Nhlangano Airstrip. The Authority is also tasked with the responsibility to attract air transport business into Eswatini for tourism, trade and investment.